DOBA CITY HALL SATU MARE COUNTY

LOCAL PRESENTATION

    General presentation

    Doba village is placed in Transylvania, west of Satu Mare, it's neighbours being Hungary at NW, Moftin village at SW, Terebesti village at S, Satmarel at E and Vetis village at NE. The village is placed between Satu Mare (15 km) and Carei city.
    Regarding it's climate, Doba village is under the influence of westc (oceanic) air mases, moist and with moderate thermal variations of the air temperature between summer and winter.
    Doba village residence is situated at 47 degrees and 45 minutes lat. N and 22 degrees and 42 minutes long. E
Homorod river is the main hydrographic thoroughfare that crosses the southern part of the villages territory from est to west, then towards north-west.
    The villages territory is part of the Somesu's Plain.
    Doba village has a divers network of communications composed of highways, roads and streets. The village is crossed by DN 19, road that crosses through Paulian, connecting Satu Mare and Carei city. The roads have a total lenght of 8.5 km from which: Doba - Boghis has 5 km, Boghis - Traian has 0.5 km and Dacia of 3 km. These roads are built from sand and earth. The street network from the composing villages has an approximate lenght of 21.8 km from which: Doba village has 6.6 km, Boghis - 6 km, Traian - 2.4 km, Paulian - 5.2 km, Dacia - 1.6 km. These streets need maintanance and modernizing, being muddy,
 and full of holes and bumps.
    Referring to the villages self management, we mention that Doba village has a network of water pipes for the lenght of 5.1 km and being linked to 238 houses, Boghis village has 4.2 km of water pipes linked to 159 houses, Paulian village also has 2.2 km of pipes linked to 134 houses and Dacia village with 1.2 km of water pipes. Traian village doesn't have Water but a fesability research is beeing developed, and the lenght of the water network is predicted to be 2.4 km, the value of the project is approximately 2.5 mld. ROL. 
    Teritorialy, the village is situated in Somesu's Plain, an alluvial plain that recently has massively settled, the alluvional process being stimulated by the neotectonic movement of sinking of the old Panomic Field.
The recent accumulation imposed by the river bed's divagation created an apparently smooth plain, splited by a few valleys with temporary hydrographic regim, deserted ins and outs, having a monotonous aspect and absolute heights of 115 - 120 m (e.g. in the geodesic points Traian - 119.9 m, north of Train settlement, the Boghis field - 114.0 m, west of the village with the same name).
    The natural vegetation is part of the Silvostepa, the natural associations beeing mostly replaced by agricultural cultures, near this, also forming hydrophiliic vegetation. There are only two forests - Cherties Forest - situated at the NE of Doba (mainly containing oak) and another situated at SE.

    Short history
    Doba is a small village close to the Somes river. It's name is found in writings from the XIV century in the form of "Balkan-Dob" and in 1241, after a tatar invasion, the village was plundered. King Istvan V donated the village with all it's land to Apor family wich is considered to be the founder of Doba.
    The name of origin is not exactly known, because the documents say that in the 1300's it was called "Homorod-dob". In the 1400's - 1500's is reminded as "Kraszna-dob". Refering to this names, the writings from 1700's give us the proof. The definite name was earned in 1711's, in the time of the satmarean peace when it was called "Szamosdob" (Doba).
    Doba is now at it's third settlement, firstly being near Homorod but from here the villagers were forced to leave their houses because of the heavy rains. the people had here two enemyes: the water and the frequent epidemies that claimed a lot of souls. The 1200's writings
say that from 675 people, only 15 men and 18 women remained, and all the children were killed. The second enemy, water, was in the form of frequent floods of Homorod, as Beregszaszi F. Samuel sayd. A great flood is reminded when in the year 1626 all the village moved in the place called "kis-puszta", wich was the propriety of Nyari Benedek. On the Homorod shore, since the last century, the ruins of a church could be seen.
    In 1626, Nyari Benedek was the owner of the lands called "kis puszta", saying about them: "Am o Doba mica pe care daca o lovesc, sar din ea o suta de pluguri" (I have a small village and if I hit it, one hundred plows will jump out". In 1777, all the land is donated to the family Karoly Sandor, and presently, most of the land is owned by it's inheritors. Because of frequent floods, the village is at it's third settlement.
And from here (from "kis-puszta) the villagers quickly moved, because they had a lot of trouble because of the water.
    On their next settlement they had even more trouble because that place was, as in present, on a wooded swamp and with many bushes. This place was cleaned by the villagers. They also had the river Balkany. Some of he houses from that time can be found even now.
    In the time of Maria Tereza the settlement was considered a superior village but in present days is a small one. The grof Karoly builded here a greec-catolic church for the romanians established in the village. He most probably had a castle because in 1810 it's ruines could be seen from Crasna's shore. The settlement has a mail service, the telegraph is in Satmarel village and the train station is in Moftinu Mic.
    The ancestors were "besenyok", beeing hunters and fishermen. They only recently have knowledge of land working. They are also not good farmers cause it was always easyer to hunt and fish rather than to take care of animals.
    The documents say that they have chosen this place because of the tatars, the village beeing hard to reach because of the water sorounding it. But the year 1241 brought death to all the villagers. The tatars plundered all the village and killed all the locals. In "Beleteki Usinals Matriculaja" we found written on page 182 that the villagers "Balkan-dob" were very good fighters, but vere overwhelmed by the tatars numbers and because of that they lost.
    After this it was very hard for the people to live in a place plundered by the tatars. The sight of the place greeting the people was terrible because of the burnt houses, people remains and howling of the dogs, and for this reasons the people fled. The reach people of this place, seeing this, reached to an agreement that anyone who leaves the place will be hunted down and killed. This is reminded in a document from 1315. We do not know much about the writer of this, his signature being "NB".